Maxwell's Moon Globe

Maxwell's Moon Globe

In the early sixties two Lunar globes were produced to show Russian superiority in the "Space Race". The Russians themselves produced a small Lunar Globe 26 cm in diameter, and the East German company, Rath Globen, produced with the help of the Russians a 33cm German version. Both these versions are well recorded.

 

Maxwell's Moon Globe

 

However, there was another moon globe that should have been made by the infamous Robert Maxwell's company, Pergamon Press. It is not known if this globe was ever actually made beyond the preliminary acetate artworks, as both Rath and Pergamon Press have very vague archive information. Greaves & Thomas acquired these acetates from Rath Globen in order to produce this fine example of early planetary exploration. "Maxwell's Moon Globe" is 33cms (13") in diameter and is presented on a hand turned ebonised stand, similar in design to the original German example. It is a unique icon of the Space Race and its ensuing politics.

 

 

 


 

Robert Maxwell and his Moon Globe

 

From his birth to his death, Robert Maxwell's life has been surrounded by controversy and obscurity. Born into an impoverished Jewish family as Ludvic Hoch in the then newly formed Czechoslovakia in 1923, little is known for sure about his early life. What is known is that he arrived in England in 1940 after a perilous journey through Southern Europe and the middle East. He enlisted into the British army as private Ivan du Maurier (taken from a packet of cigarettes)and soon rose to the rank of sergeant under the aliases of Leslie Smith, and Leslie Jones, and finally Robert Maxwell (giving rise to the theory that he took this name from the coffee brand, as he later named his business headquarters Maxwell House). He bravely fought for his lost family who were to disappear in the death camps as well as for this country which would never fully accept him. This earned him the Military Cross for bravery under fire. Because of his language skills he was recruited by British Intelligence, promoted into the officer ranks and was soon interrogating various Nazi leaders. Learning Russian in a few months enabled him to join the Central Commission for Germany where he acted as Power broker in the rebuilding of post war Germany. By the late 1940's he had gained both power and wealth.

His involvement with British Intelligence is open to conjecture but it does seem probable that post war M16 recruited and bankrolled Maxwell to establish contacts within Soviet occupied Europe and the Soviet Union itself. The idea was to offer Russia the opportunity to publicise its technological and scientific advances whilst obtaining contacts for the British within the Soviet Union.

Consequently it is shrouded in mystery if Maxwell was in turn recruited by the K.G.B. Certainly he established contacts not only within the Soviet scientific community but more importantly within the hierarchy of the K.G.B. and the Central Committee, these contacts lasted all his life despite their ever-changing personal.

This Moon Globe presumably should have been published alongside the East German version published in 1963. It represents the significant achievements of the Soviet space scientific research that had captured the world's attention with the launch of Sputnik I in 1957. In 1959 Lunik Satellite sent back to earth the first photos of the unknown dark side of the moon, and it is these photos which give the Eastern Block a clear lead in the 'Space Race'. The Russians had produced their smaller lunar globe of 26cms diameter. The graphics for the German and Maxwell's version are identical to the smaller Russian version, and are both 13 inches / 33cms in diameter. Maxwell published most of the scientific papers for this period, through his company the Pergamon Press, which he seized control of in highly dubious dealings. It would appear that the Pergamon Press did produce an inferior poster of the dark side of the moon, though complete, this was noting in comparison to what Maxwell's Globe would have been, had it been originally published. It was for this reason that we decided to publish for the first time some 30 years late this unique icon of the Space Race and its ensuing politics.

Robert Maxwell always had the air of a Stateless person about him, never fuly accepted by the British establishment despite or because of his wealth and power. He was suspected of being a British agent, a Russian agent, a double agent or even a triple agent. He liked to think of himself as a world figure on a large stage, but there was always a question mark hovering over his motives. His life and mysterious death in 1991 mirrors this moon globe in that certain sectors are well mapped out and clear to see, but on the dark side there is still a large gap in the visible information.

 

Iain Murray

Text Copyright © 2000 Greaves & Thomas. London.

 

 

 

Maxwell's Moon Globe on turned wooden stand. Ref GT 1963 £350 + delivery.

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Greaves & Thomas, fine Globemakers, a potted history.

Award winning Globemakers Greaves & Thomas are a small company based in the United Kingdom, today they make Historical Globes, Celestial Globes, Lunar Globes, Planetary Globes, Facsimile Globes, Replica Globes, Themed Globes, Paper Folding Globes, and Modern Day Globes. Arts Corespondent Jemmy Button looks into their history.

In 1991 James Bissell-Thomas after several years of research, published his first globe (Merzbach & Falk's 1881 globe). The globe was well received, especially because of the ageing techniques developed to lend the globes a patina producing a convincing replica. James Bissell-Thomas believes that this was achieved because of his Art School background, his printing knowledge gained running his own publishing house in the 1980's (Long Tail Prints) combined with his knowledge as an antiques dealer. In 1991 the first globe joined an already existing eclectic range of furnishing ideas which included Giant Tennis Rackets, Rivercraft furniture, Hat Boxes etc. (most are still being made: www.gtstore.co.uk) . It was because of James Bissell-Thomas' interest in globes, that the decision was then made to form a collection of globes, spanning cartographic history from 1492 to the present day.

At the time James' knowledge in globes was poor, however a good friend at the Royal Geographical Society pointed out that the following year (1992) would be not only be the 500 year anniversary of the European discovery of the New World, but it would also be the anniversary of the earliest surviving terrestrial globe ~ Martin Behaim's 'Erdapfel'. This globe today resides in the Germanishes Museum in Germany, rightly described by Bissell-Thomas as the 'Holy Grail' of all globes, not just because of its age, but also because of the profusion of data inscribed on the globe, the globe is best described as a medieval geographical census describing the world beyond Europe, listing the origin of spices, metals, traditions, peoples, animals, islands and religions etc. not only this but the globe covered in beautiful illustrations by Glockendon.

Despite the globe being on an elaborate stand, with extremely detailed artwork, Greaves & Thomas still decided it would be wise to republish this fine relic. Appointments were then made with the Germanisches Museum and flights were booked. On arrival at the museum in September 1991, it transpired that the Germanisch Museum had its own globe publishing interest and was not interested in helping G&T achieve their goal. Consequently, they were given a very limited time to study the original globe and reference images they also commissioned from the Museum were later blocked and never arrived. While many would have given up, Greaves & Thomas decided that it would persevere, knowing that what ever they produced would ultimately be compared to a rival globe that would have the Museum's seal of approval. All possible data concerning the globe was sourced and the finished result once again was well received, and is today is considered one of the most important globes in their collection.

In August 1992 when the Martin Behaim Globe was completed, Bissell-Thomas proudly informed the Germanish Museum that despite their reluctance to help, he had succeeded in making their facsimile. Soon after this 3 overseas business men arranged to come and see their Behaim Globe, at the time Greaves & Thomas was trading from 2 small garages in a small muddy yard, then even the two garages were not room enough, and a small 12' white square marquee had been hurriedly erected in the yard as a temporary measure. When the visitors arrived, they spent considerable time inspecting the globe, and then had an impromptu board meeting by themselves in the rain in the muddy yard, they re-entered, and announced that 2 of them were presidents of two globe companies, Rath Globes from Germany and Cram Globes from the USA. They informed Greaves & Thomas that they had been working with the Gemanishes Museum to produce their facsimile version, however upon inspection of the globe, they stated that they were keen to cease production of their own efforts and to market the G &T globe. This they did, with considerable success including selling one example to the Library of Congress in Washington D.C. Not only this, but the Gemanishes Museum also ordered a globe for themselves.

Greaves & Thomas have, on more than one occasion, offered to make the Germanische Museum's version, which would be one step closer to the original, but to date they have declined. The Greaves & Thomas version can now be found in numerous museums around the world.

From this point onwards, Greaves and Thomas would only concentrate on globes, initially historical globes but soon branching into themed globes: Holbein's Terrestrial Globe; Shakespeare's Globe; Alice's Celestial Globe and lastly the ludicrous Elvis Presley Mars Globe is another example of the diversity that can be achieved in globemaking, if one cares to explore the possibility of producing something other than the norm.

 

Today alongside their Themed Globes, Historical Replica Globes and their Modern Day Globes, Greaves & Thomas have also added the spectacular 'Hermetic Globe' to their Collection and this will soon be followed by a production version of their amazing Invisible Globe.

 

Greaves & Thomas now also have now formed an interesting collection of globes made in the last 300 years by other globemakers, this 500 strong collection will soon be prominently displayed in the Museum that they are presently preparing on the Isle of Wight. This should be a Mecca for designers as it will show numerous different versions of the same object. Not only this, but they will be using the Sistine Chapel's ceiling as inspiration to make a stunning celestial ceiling, and at the same time show one of the finest optical illusions in the world.

 

A surprising aspect of Greaves & Thomas is that they produce all their Globes in the UK. While numerous companies in the UK now relocate their production to the far east, in order to survive in today's cut throat market, G&T continue to produce a quality product which is well received. Their workforce never more than 5 craftpersons, and the globes they offer are limited by craft instead of number, this is verified in the small numbers of certain globes produced each year ( for example 2-6 Coronelli Globes per year and 5-12 Behaim Iron Stand Versions per year) , consequently there is always a waiting list for the larger more intricate globes that Greaves & Thomas produce. The globes are made using recycled papers and the wooden components for the elaborate stands are also made using reclaimed / recycled timber. Consequently Greaves & Thomas globes will never cost the Earth.

 

Jemmy Button, Arts Corespondent

 

 

 

TO VIEW THE G&T GLOBE COLLECTION CLICK HERE!